Motor Neuron Disease (MND)
In MND, the muscles of the body gradually weaken and may begin wasting away and develop uncontrollable twitching (fasciculations). The limb muscles develop stiffness (spasticity), movements become slow and effortful, over time, the ability to control voluntary movement can be lost.
Early symptoms depend upon which body system is affected first. Typical symptoms begin in one of three areas: the arms and legs, the mouth (bulbar), or the respiratory system.
- a weakening grip, making it hard to pick up and hold things
- muscle pains, cramps, and twitches
- slurred and sometimes confused or jumbled speech
- weakness in the arms and legs
- increased clumsiness and stumbling
- difficulty swallowing
- trouble breathing or shortness of breath
Proper nutrition and a balanced diet are essential to maintaining weight and strength. People who cannot chew or swallow may require insertion of a feeding tube. In ALS, insertion of a percutaneous gastronomy (PEG) tube (to help with feeding) is frequently carried out even before it is needed, when the individual is strong enough to undergo this minor surgery. Non-invasive ventilation at night can prevent apnoea (the temporary stopping of breathing) in sleep, and some individuals may also require assisted ventilation due to muscle weakness in the neck, throat, and chest during daytime.
How can we help?
Therapy & Treatment Programs
- Aquatherapy /Hydro Therapy
- Augmentative Alternative Communication (AAC) Systems
- Biodex unweighing system
- Dry Needling
- Functional Mobility
- Gait Rehabilitation / Re-education
- Geriatric Rehabilitation
- Lokomat / Robotic Walking
- Modified Barium Swallow (MBS)
- Motor Relearning
- Myofascial Release
- Paediatric Rehabilitation
- Physical Rehabilitation
- Pressure Mapping System
- SIT Lab (Seating Clinic) / Force Sensitive Application
- Swallowing Therapy
- Upper Limb Evaluation / Assessments and Treatment
- Vocational Rehabilitation
- Weight-bearing Therapy