Nerves carry information from the brain to the rest of the body, and vice versa. The arm and leg contains numerous nerves that transmit information for muscle contraction, sensation, and reflexes. The nerves that innervate the arm leave the central nervous system (spinal cord) through several areas in the neck, and form a complex structure called the Brachial Plexus. The same occurs for the leg. The nerves are larger near the neck / lumbar spine, and eventually divide to form smaller branches in the upper arm, forearm, and hand and thigh, calf and foot.
Dementia is the term used to describe a set of symptoms that occur when the brain is affected by disease. Most of us are at least somewhat familiar with Alzheimer’s disease. It is the most common type of dementia, but it is only one of many forms.
GBS is an acquired immune-mediated inflammatory disorder of the peripheral nervous system.
Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability in South Africa. The condition can affect anyone, regardless of age, race, religion or economic status.
Any mechanism that causes injury or damage to the vertebral column or the bones of the spine can result in damage to the spinal cord. Think of the spinal cord as an electrical or telephone cable composed of millions of wires, or nerves. The nerves carry the messages between the brain and the muscles, skin and joints of the arms, legs and trunk. If the nerves or wires are disrupted, there is reduced, or no communication, between the brain and the body below the level of the interruption or injury. This results in no/poor movement, and no/poor feeling in the trunk and limbs below the level of the injury i.e: paralysis.
Polytrauma occurs when a person experiences injury to multiple body parts and organs, caused by a traumatic or catastrophic event. This results in a combination of disabling conditions, such as Amputation, Multiple fractures, Spinal cord injuries, Traumatic brain injuries, Peripheral nerve injuries, Burns, Internal injuries, Pain, Cognitive, Visual, Sensory and Hearing impairments.